"Haha, they think they’re the dominant species. Humans are so silly."
The Gruesome History of Shrunken Heads
The ancient indigenous tribes of Ecuador and Peru were the people that transformed history with the practice of making shrunken heads. The heads were called tsantas.
The victim was often alive, in the midst of a bloody battle, when he lost his head. As much flesh from the back and chest as possible was carefully preserved when the head was chopped off. This way, the head would not resemble a withered, contorted raisin later on. If no flesh was recovered, then a vine was used to stretch the skin.
Once the battle was over, the tribesmen would take their bloody, severed heads down to the creek. There, they would make slits up the back of the head and remove the skin from the skull. Once the skull was freed from the skin, it was discarded in the river.
True shrunken heads are scarce and many simply did not survive the natural elements and passing of time. However, trade interests in shrunken heads spiked violence in the Ecuadorian and Peruvian areas at the end of the 19th century. People were beheaded simply for their attackers to make money.